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What We Know

While the cause of fibromyalgia is still unknown, new evidence points to neuroinflammation, and the search for any autoimmune connection continues. We still need public health agencies and medical institutions to accurately update all their content. Information is inconsistent on the internet. This page was organized from updated research and information presented by the American College of Rheumatology.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic (long-term) illness characterized by widespread pain, fatigue, unrefreshed sleep, cognitive impairment (brain fog/fibro fog), and tenderness (sensitivity to touch). Many fibromyalgia patients are also diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome and patients are at higher risk of having fibromyalgia if you have a rheumatic disease like osteoarthritis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis. Fibromyalgia affects all genders, races, and ages.

The exact cause of fibromyalgia is still unknown, but the medical community understands that fibromyalgia is a complex condition that affects the central nervous system, particularly the way the brain processes pain signals.

A healthcare professional needs to evaluate a person’s medical history, conduct a physical examination, and review blood tests to give a full check-up. The American College of Rheumatology has established criteria for diagnosing fibromyalgia, which include widespread pain and tenderness in specific areas of the body.

Treatment focuses on managing symptoms and improving the person’s quality of life. This may involve a combination of medication and lifestyle modifications.

Other commonly found comorbid conditions include depression, anxiety, Migraine, overactive bladder, pelvic pain and Temporomandibular disorder (TMJ).

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